KSA is bordered by Iraq, Jordan and Kuwait to the north;
By the Arabian Gulf; Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Oman to the east;
By a portion of Oman to the southeast; And by Yemen to the south.
There are 27 airports in Saudi Arabia including 5 international Airport. The main airports are King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, King Khaled International Airport in Riyadh, King Fahd International Airport in Dammam, and Mohammad Bin Abdulaziz Airport in Madinah.
According to the Saudi General Authority for Statistics, the total number of domestic and international flights (arriving and departing) in all airports in Saudi Arabia in 2021 reached nearly 497 thousand flights, with an increase by 43% from 2020, through which about 49 million passengers were transported, with an increase of 30% compared to 2020.
More specifically, the number of arriving and departing international flights in 2021 reached nearly 126 thousand, with an increase of 20% from 2020. The number of arriving and departing domestic flights reached nearly 371 thousand, with an increase of 53% from 2020.
Whereas the number of passengers transported by arriving and departing domestic flights in 2021 reached nearly 35 million passengers, an increase of 45% from 2020. The number of passengers transported by arriving and departing international flights reached nearly 14 million passengers, an increase of 4% from 2020.
Worth noting is the fact that Egypt was the top destination for passengers departing from Saudi Arabia’s airports in 2021 with about 1.6 million passengers, followed by UAE with more than one million passengers. Egypt was also the top destination for passengers arriving at Saudi Arabia’s airports with about 1.3 million passengers, followed by UAE with more than 1.1 million passengers.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has many ports. The most important one is the Islamic Port of Jeddah, which is usually used by Muslim pilgrims from all over the world as the main entry point to Mecca and the Holy Mosque. Furthermore, 75% of the country's exports and inbound transshipment are also passing through this same port.
As for King Abdulaziz Port, "Dammam Port", it is the third busiest and largest port in the Middle East and North Africa.
There are many other ports in Saudi Arabia, which are used for import and export from all over the world. One of these ports - "Jizan Port" - is also used for passengers, although not being their main gateway. The main port for passengers as mentioned earlier, is the Islamic Port of Jeddah.